Implementors of JSTL and authors of JSP pages may find the The JavaServer Pages™ Standard Tag Library (JSTL) specification is the result. The JavaServer Pages Standard Tag Library (JSTL) is a component of the Java EE Web application development platform. It extends the JSP specification by. Apache hosts the Apache Standard Taglib, an implementation of the JSP Standard Tag Library (JSTL) specification. Various versions are.

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While I can barely see the point being made for use of the SQL actions for prototyping or small-scale applications, I can’t ever validate jtsl argument that you just don’t have the time to implement an MVC model correctly. The set of tags that are available in the Core tag library come into play for probably most anything you will be doing in your JSPs.

We will talk about this in more detail later in this chapter, but as a quick example, so that you are familiar with the format, the action might look like: The EL operations are necessary to handle data manipulations.

Wouldn’t it be great if the effort required to internationalize your application could be reduced to zero? It defaults to true. Formatting for numbers, dates, and currency, which includes such actions as: There has always been a need although not a requirement that the page authors have some understanding of a programming language usually Java in order to create complex pages.

Then we’ll a look at how to use the actions in situations sspecification their use would be appropriate.

JSR A Standard Tag Library for JavaServer Pages(TM) Specification Maintenance Release 2

Conditional actions used for doing conditional processing within a JSP. What it means to use EL in attributes can be shown in the following example:. The appropriate resource bundle will be used to look up the key “welcome” and the translated string will be provided. The answer is yes. Using the JSTL will not only make your JSPs more readable and maintainable, but will allow you to concentrate on good design and implementation practices in your pages. If a parameter that represents the month is passed in the request as a Stringthe value of the month variable will be correct because the String will be coerced to the correct type when used.


Coercion means that the page author isn’t responsible for converting parameters into the appropriate objects or primitives. However, since these actions are included in the JSTL,I must make sure you understand them and their features so that you can make an informed decision. Writing Output to the JspWriter There are four general-purpose tags.

JavaServer Pages Standard Tag Library

Using separate TLDs to expose the tags, the functionality for each set of actions is apparent and makes more sense. It is up to the page author and application architect to make sure that the design patterns are being adhered to correctly, if not for the maintenance issue of the application then for the practice of good engineering. While the JSTL is commonly referred to as a single tag library, it is actually composed of four separate tag libraries:. The two displays are shown as they would appear if you were to view the source of the resulting file in your browser.

All of the standard and common operators are available. If you are careful about how you code your SQL actions, it should be easy enough to pull out the code and put it into classes that represent the Model interaction at a later point.

Let’s look at each functional section in the Core tag library a bit more closely. There are quite a few implicit objects exposed through the EL. The specification can be found at http: It is used to output to the current JspWriter. Locale and resource bundles that include such actions as: Automatic Type Conversion The automatic type conversion is a very convenient feature of the EL in that a full set of coercion between various object and primitive types is supported.

A more graceful handling of an error is shown in Example 3. If the identifier isn’t found in any scope, then a null value is returned. I am not going to go into the various design patterns that can be applied for doing jztl or integration tier access.

Again, this is as if you had made ServletRequest. In this example, we would be accessing a variable already set, called userNameStringthat would then be used as a parameter to the message. With escapeXml defaulting to true: Specificatin actions that are used to manipulate the scoped variables that might be found within a JSP.


Controller MVC architecture, which is the predominant design pattern used in building web applications today, you definitely want to keep your model information in your business logic.

Let’s look at Example 3. Making database queries Accessing query results Performing database modifications Database transactions What all of the SQL actions have in common is that they work against a specific data jslt. These actions come under the functionality of the I18N umbrella.

These coercions are done under the covers for you by the implementation, but it is always a good idea to understand how, and in what order, the rules hstl being applied.

Functionality is included in the EL for relational, arithmetic, and logical operators.

If that is the one and only reason why you are choosing to use the SQL actions, then I suggest that you investigate using such frameworks as Struts which is part of the Jakarta projects and can be found at http: Perform a multiplication operation to show that the type is correct: Expressions in template text are not supported if you are using JSTL 1.

However, I do consider it an architectural flaw to use them in your application development. The automatic type conversion is a very convenient feature of the EL in that a full set of coercion between various object and primitive types is supported. Using the Expression Language Before we dive into the various functional areas in the JSTL, we should start with the expression language. Isn’t that business logic that belongs in the model? If we are dealing with Awhich is an item or object, the coercion rules supplied by the JSTL will be applied for each given type.

To ensure that the data is displayed to the user correctly we would use:

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